Hans Morgenthau (1904-1980), a leading 20th Century academics on International Relations is regarded as the father of Classical Realism. Morgenthau's Realism in understanding the conduct of International Affairs (and implications on U.S. Foreign Policy) may be best understood as the rejection of Wilsonian Idealism (modeled after Woodwrow Wilson's 14 Points). Hans Morgenthau's realist perspective has been the cornerstone of U.S Foreign Policy since the Cold War (1947-1990) and in this article Dr. J. Peter Pham re-asserts the relevance of classical realism in the post-Cold War era. What is Hans Morgenthau's Realist vision? Read the article; with these guiding questions in mind:
In page 256:
  1. Dr. Pham quotes the 2 contradictions in U.S Foreign Policy. Explain the 2 contradictions. [2m]
  2. Hans Morgenthau explained the 2 contradictions through 2 competing schools of thoughts. Identify these 2 schools of thoughts. [2m]

In page 257:
  1. What are the 2 major pillars of Morgenthau's political realism? [2m]
  2. What was the central principle of Idealism did Morgenthau reject? [1m]
  3. How did Morgenthau's book, Politics Among Nations altered the way international relations was taught in US? [1m]

In pages 257-258:
  1. According to Morgenthau, what directs every political action? [1m]
  2. What is the central principle in the conduct of U.S foreign policy and how is this defined? [3m]

In page 259:
  1. According to the realists, what is the "prime obligation" of all states? [1m]
  2. Inference question: What causes international conflicts? [2m]
  3. What are the 2 mechanisms that help maintain international order? [2m]
  4. Inference question: During the Cold War what prevented the outbreak of a World War? [2m]

In pages 260-261:
  1. What is the prime objective of the U.S foreign policy? [1m]
  2. What is the implication of this foreign policy objective in Asia? [1m]
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